Problems with mail flow between Exchange 2003 and Exchange 2010

By admin on April 18th, 2011

Lately I have seen some questions on forums about mail flow between Exchange 2003 and Exchange 2010. I actually wrote about this very issue in a blog before (in the Things to think about” section) but I will explain it again.

When you first install Exchange 2007/10 into a Exchange 2003 organization a routing group connector will be created. This connector is used to send mail between the two versions. The connector will be created with a bridgehead of one Exchange 2003 server and the hub transport server you install (Exchange 2007/10). A good practice is to add multiple bridgehead servers to this connector to avoid single point of failure.

Now I see people keeping a Exchange 2003 server for some reason but at the same time go from Exchange 2007 to Exchange 2010. Since the routing group connector was set up between the Exchange 2003 and the Exchange 2007 server mail flow will break as soon as the Exchange 2007 is shut down or removed.

The solution to reestablish mail flow is simply to add valid servers as bridgeheads by using the Set-RoutingGroupConnector cmdlet.

Set-RoutingGroupConnector <Name of RGC> -TargetTransportServers <Name of Exchange Server> -SourceTransportServers <Name of Exchange Server> 

Last chance to Master Exchange 200x to Exchange 2010 Transition

By admin on November 19th, 2010

Last chance to attend my training on Exchange 2003/7 to Exchange 2010 Transition is soon here. It’s a three day lab with all my expertise from transition projects mixed with a full hands-on lab where you will do a full transition from Exchange 2007 to Exchange 2010.

During the three days you will get:

  • Theoretical training about Exchange 2010 in general
  • How to plan your transition
  • How to solve problems with different clients during your transition
  • Hands-on lab where you will do all the steps in a transition
  • How to set up Exchange 2010 for High Availability
  • Hands-on lab on HA (DAG/CAS Arrays/Load Balancing)

The training will be at Labcenter in Stockholm. Check out their site for details and sign up!

I’m looking forward to watch “Robert’s Rules” grow

By admin on November 3rd, 2010

Check out the new blog over at MSExchangeteam.com where Robert Gillies will go through a lot of interesting steps to transform a Exchange 2003/2007 org into Exchange 2010.

The plan is to test a lot of different scenarios and some of the steps that could be covered are:

  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: Namespace Planning
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: Multi-Role vs Individual Role
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: The Exchange Profile Analyzer
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: JetStress Testing
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: Installation of Exchange
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: LoadGen Testing
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: Certificates
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: CAS for Internet Facing Site
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: CAS for Proxy Site
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: CAS for Redirect Site
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: CAS for Co-Existence
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: Autodiscover
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: OAB Download
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: Availability Service
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: EdgeSync
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: File Level Anti-Virus
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: Exchange Anti-Virus
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: Message Hygiene / Anti-Spam
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: Reverse Proxy
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: Outlook Anywhere
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: Exchange ActiveSync
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: Database Availability Group – The Quorum
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: Creation of a DAG
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: DAG Networks
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: DAG Databases
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: DAG Activation – Non-DAC Mode
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: DAG Activation – DAC Mode
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: Client Access During Datacenter Failures
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: Journaling
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: Domain Secure
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: GALSync
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: Federation with IOREPL
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: Federation (Exchange 2007 Style)
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: Federation with the Microsoft Federation Gateway
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: Backup and Restore with DPM
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: RBAC Planning (idea from John Rodriguez)
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: Storage Planning (idea from John Rodriguez)
  • Robert’s Rules of Exchange: Regulatory Compliance (idea from John Rodriguez)

Looks like a lot of interesting reading ahead, start now and read about The Scenario.

All of these different articles can be found at http://msexchangeteam.com/archive/2010/11/02/456789.aspx

Do you want to master Exchange 2010 Transition?

By admin on August 3rd, 2010

Well over a year ago I started writing a lab/workshop on how to transition from previous versions of Exchange to Exchange 2010. I have given this lab for over a 100 Exchange admin by now and added all my experience from my own transitions into it.

Do you want to master Exchange 2010 transition? Great! Have a look at Labcenter for a more detailed description (in Swedish) of the lab.

The lab covers both transition from Exchange 2003 and Exchange 2007 to Exchange 2010.

Why install a Exchange 2007 before going to Exchange 2010 and things to think about!

By admin on July 4th, 2010

I have been in the process of writing this blog for a long time and now it’s finally here. The reason for this blog is that after you install Exchange 2010 you can no longer install a previous version of Exchange into the same organization (in a supported way). You might think that that is not a problem and you are probably right but there are two scenarios when you might run into problems.

  1. If you ever need to migrate from Lotus Domino to Exchange
  2. If you need WebDAV

Migration

Let’s talk a bit about the first scenario and why this might be a problem.

When you perform you Schema updates for Exchange 2010 (or run the setup witch will update the schema for you) you will be prompted with a warning:

Setup is going to prepare the organization for Exchange 2010 by using ‘Setup /PrepareAD’.  No Exchange 2007 server roles have been detected in this topology.  After this operation, you will not be able to install any Exchange 2007 server roles.

So when you want to migrate mailboxes from Lotus Domino you could do that with Microsoft Transporter Suite. As stated in the overview it’s only supported for Exchange 2007

Transporter Suite contains a set of tools for migrations from both Lotus Domino Servers, and generic IMAP/POP sources. For Lotus Domino the suite contains a set of tools for Directory and Free/Busy interoperability between Lotus Domino 6, 7 and 8 and Exchange Server 2007 and Windows Server 2003/2008 Active Directory. In addition for Lotus Domino the suite contains migration tools to migrate users, groups, personal address lists, mailboxes, personal mail archives, and applications from Lotus Domino 5, 6, 7 or 8 to Active Directory, Exchange Server 2007, and Windows SharePoint Services 3.0. For generic POP/IMAP servers the suite contains a set of tools to bulk migrate mailboxes from any generic email servers that support the POP3 or IMAP4 protocol to mailboxes in Exchange Server 2007

There is no Transporter Suite for Exchange 2010 so this means that you would have to use a Exchange 2007 server to migrate your Lotus Domino data to Exchange.

So if you are about to install Exchange 2010 and might need to migrate from Domino, think about installing a Exchange 2007 first. Please also read the last part of this blog for more info about things to think about

If you already installed Exchange 2010 and now find you self in a situation where you need to migrate Domino to Exchange 2010 there are some third party tools you can use, BinaryTree and Quest.

 

 

WebDAV

The second reason for installing a Exchange 2007 server before you install Exchange 2010 could be WebDAV. WebDAV is not a part of Exchange 2010 so if you have systems that use WebDAV you will need to have a Exchange 2007 server for that purpose.

 

Things to think about

If you for any reason needs a Exchange 2007 server on your way to Exchange 2010 there are some things you should think about:

Routing Groups

When you install a Exchange 2007 Hub Transport server into a Exchange 2003 organization you will be asked to point out a Exchange 2003 server. The reason for this is to set up a routing group connector between Exchange 2003 and Exchange 2007.

Screenshot from Exchange 2007 setup

After you select a Exchange 2003 server setup will create a routing group connector between the server you install and the selected Exchange 2003 server. So what’s the problem with that? Well since the dialog in the screenshot above only will show up when you install your first Hub Transport server there is a possible risk of single point of failure and if you only have your Exchange 2007 server for “better safe then sorry” purpose then you might not care that much about it an possible even shut it down with the result of no mail flow between Exchange 2003 and 2007/2010.

To avoid that to happen you can use Exchange Management Shell to configure the RGC with multiple bridgehead servers.

[PS] C:>Set-RoutingGroupConnector <Name of RGC> -TargetTransportServers <Name of Exchange Server> -SourceTransportServers <Name of Exchange Server>

Note: By default there are two routing group connectors created, enter multiple Target and Source Transport servers on both.

When you install your Exchange 2010 Hub Transport Servers it’s a good idea to include them as well.

Virtual Directories

After you install your Exchange 2010 servers you probably don’t want clients to access the “temporary” Exchange 2007 box so the are a few things to configure to avoid that.

Here are the settings I change (in these examples loadbalancer.mailmaster.local represent the internal Exchange 2010 load balancer and webmail.mailmaster.se the external URL, in my case a TMG Server)

Set-ClientAccessServer Exchange2007server -AutoDiscoverServiceInternalUri:"https://loadbalancer.mailmaster.local/Autodiscover/Autodiscover.xml"

Set-OwaVirtualDirectory "Exchange2007serverowa (Default Web Site)" -InternalUrl: “https://loadbalancer.mailmaster.local/owa” -ExternalUrl:”https://webmail.mailmaster.se/owa”

Set-ActiveSyncVirtualDirectory "Exchange2007ServerMicrosoft-Server-ActiveSync (Default Web Site)" -InternalUrl: “https://loadbalancer.mailmaster.local/Microsoft-Server-ActiveSync” -ExternalUrl:”https://webmail.mailmaster.se/Microsoft-Server-ActiveSync”

Set-OabVirtualDirectory "Exchange2007ServerOAB (Default Web Site)" -InternalUrl: “https://loadbalancer.mailmaster.local/oab” -ExternalUrl:”https://webmail.mailmaster.se/oab”

Set-WebServicesVirtualDirectory "Exchange2007ServerEWS (Default Web Site)" -InternalUrl: “https://loadbalancer.mailmaster.local/EWS/Exchange.asmx” -ExternalUrl:”https://webmail.mailmaster.se/EWS/Exchange.asmx”

If you perform the above you can shut down your Exchange 2007 server and there will still be mail flow and client will still be able to connect to your Exchange 2010 servers.

Some other questions I can imagine can arise…

Q: Can I shut down the “temp Exchange 2007 server” and forget about it?

A: No! If you do the computer object will get tomb stoned in  Active Directory so the server should be online once in a while to prevent that. If you want to check how long you tombstone time is, check this out

Q: Can I uninstall the “temp Exchange 2007 server” and reinstall if needed?

A: No! To be honest I have tried that and I can actually get it to work but I have asked this question to members of the Exchange product group and got a no. It might be that it hasn’t been tested…

Q: How do I uninstall the “temp Exchange 2007 server” when I no longer need it (and I’m SURE I don’t need it)?

Nothing special here, you uninstall it like you would with any Exchange 2007 server, here’s a How to…

Q: Do you really install this “temp Exchange 2007 server” at every customer before you install Exchange 2010?

A: No! But I make sure the customer understands the pros and cons with that BEFORE I install Exchange 2010

Q: Will there be a change in SP1 regarding this?

A: To my knowledge no!

 

Additional information:

Cannot install Exchange 2007 roles after you prepare Active Directory for Exchange 2010

Installing Exchange 2003/2007 in an Exchange 2010 Environment

 

Did you miss TechDays 2010?

By admin on April 21st, 2010

Or would you just like to see some of the sessions again?

Check out the recorded sessions here! My session about Exchange 2010 transition is in there as well.

I will speak at TechDays, will you be there?

By admin on February 12th, 2010

After last years success I’m eager to come back for Techdays, this year in Örebro. My session this year will be about transition from Exchange 2003/7 to Exchange 2010. I will also be available for questions and demos in the MEET-section. See you in Örebro!